I have to be an smartass: The density of a material does not determine its hardness. There is a certain correlation. So for example solid matter is much harder to sher ant stuff than gas. On the other hand iron will cut lead which is nearly 4 times the density of iron.
Besides from that its a great guide... Which I am trying to learn from right now!
I read all that you wrote and repeated some of it to my self out load a few times. I will most likely go back to this late on a few times as well. I can understand the principals and why it is important to share this specific the information, such as how it will impact your work when keeping it mind.
I see all these tools I can use in Photoshop I wonder how to apply what I learned with the tools. Besides the tips you gave for blending -which were great, I can see why doing that instead of using the smudge tool would be better- how, say, could I use the different kinds of brushes such as the different textures or hardness to help display the techniques and information you wrote about? What kind of brush would you suggest with a very shiny metal, or a extremely dull and rusted metal? one would allow more light in then other as you noted.
Thanks a lot for reading all of it and thanks for trying them yourself.You can give the rust or shine to a metal via textured brushes, correct but, when you think about it a bit more, you'll see that to apply a certain kind of effect to a material to make it look shiny or rusted, is actually done with values and colors (or just values if in black and white) , rather than a certain type of brush. The shape of the brush mostly effects the blending of colors and making the overall painting look more natural.With that said, i can say, an artist can paint the whole painting full of metalic materials with just one brush, let's say a tree shaped custom brush (i gotta try that myself lol), and can still make very precise and perfect rust effects.If you check a rusted metal closely, you'll see that , what we call "rust" is actually loss of the outermost layer of a metal due to oxidation.If you can manage to draw the shapes of rusted areas, and if you go further and color them to reddish values, you'll have much more natural looking results rather than applying a textured brush.Textured brushes help you a lot to speed up the process of painting, however, you need to learn how to not overuse them , and that can only be acquired via knowing the looks of the materials. I suggest you to visit www.cgtextures.com and check materials there.After seeing hundreds of exampls, your brain will become familiar with those material's properties, and on your next try of painting that type of material, you'll see that you automatically can paint that with a single brush without the need for another.About the hardness.Personally i don't like to use soft edged brushes, like airbrush (except while adding lighting effects).I usually use a hard round brush, reduce the hardness to something to 90%, and keep opacity and flow at 100%. I just sometimes reduce the opacity down to 70% occasionally.
Wow this is really amazing ** you are so good in drawing any kind of metal / steel! it's awesome ** but do you mind me asking a question? I am trying to draw an amor right now, but it just doesn't look ... metallic x) And you said in this tutorial, that one should not use the smudge tool, but how do you make it look so ... smooth? ^^ (I can't even make it look smooth, even if I used the smudge tool ... xD)
thanks! As i've said in a corner of this tutorial (or have i not??) , first make a palette, paint some circles with the colors of the enviroment you imagine on a seperate layer (since metals reflect their surroundings). Don't use premade swatches while painting, but instead just paint some reference colors on a seperate layer and use color picker to pick colors from there.Reduce the opacity to something like 50% so that while painting, the colors mix in a natural way.And then pick that new color and use it too.Just like traditional painting. So basically, instead of getting the colors from swatches all the time, just create your own palette.And use color picker frequently. For example i assigned one of my tablets buttons to color picker so its easier to use. Of course, i don't say that's the ultimate right way to do blending, it's just my way of doing things.Hope that helps
yeah, you said that x) but it still doesn't turn out very good, when I try it so I thought you might have still used the smudge tool ^^' But thanks a lot for the information! I'll just try again, maybe I just lack some practise Do you use a pattern for the texture on the metal? Thanks again and sorry for asking so many questions =3
no it's not a pattern, just a texture brush.Just painted some loose dot-like-things with it on a semi transparent layer.The trick is to paint loosely and try not to get yourself lost with details : this way it would look more natural